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FAQ: Taxation

Guidance warning. Please note that the following guidelines do not constitute tax, legal, or other professional advice and must not be used as such. It is the sole responsibility of all Prodigi clients to comply with all legal and sales tax requirements for issuing sales tax or VAT invoices in respect to your sales transactions. If you are unsure as to what the contents of an invoice you issue to your customers should be, we suggest that you contact your tax advisor. Prodigi cannot assist you with any legal or tax advice as we’re not accountants or legal experts, and we stress that none of the following may be taken as professional advice.

How will sales taxes and/or VAT be applied to our invoices?

All cost prices shown in our platform exclude tax. Your order with us may then be subject to local sales tax rates, depending on the following conditions:

  • where your business is based;
  • where the item is printed;
  • where the item is shipped; and
  • and in the case of VAT, whether your business is VAT-registered.

All of the logic for applying and collecting the correct sales taxes for each of your orders is automatically determined by our platform when each order is placed.

How does VAT work in the EU?

To help reduce the administrative burden on companies there are national VAT registration thresholds set by each individual country in the European Union.

The basic rules are as follows:

  • Retailers may sell to private individuals in other EU States under their local VAT number, charging their home VAT rate. For Prodigi, this means adding UK at 20% to our invoices.
  • Once retailers pass each respective EU country’s distance selling annual VAT threshold, they must register as a non-resident VAT trader in that country.
  • They then can continue to sell, but must charge the local VAT rate if trading in that country.

If a non-EU based company is selling below these thresholds, it does not need to register for VAT.

Once over these limits within the same calendar year, it must apply for a VAT number. Each member country of the EU is free to set its own distance selling registration threshold.

The following table outlines the 2019 limits for each country.

Austria35,000€
Belgium35,000€
BulgariaBGN 70,000
CroatiaHRK 270,000
Cyprus35,000€
Czech RepublicCZK 1,140,000
DenmarkDKK 280,000
Estonia35,000€
Finland35,000€
France35,000€
Germany100,000€
Greece35,000€
HungaryHUF 8,800,000
Ireland35,000€
Italy35,000€
Latvia35,000€
Lithuania35,000€
Luxembourg100,000€
Malta35,000€
Netherlands100,000€
NorwayN/A
PolandPLN 160,000
Portugal35,000€
RomaniaRON 118,000
Slovakia35,000€
Slovenia35,000€
Spain35,000€
SwedenSEK 320,000
SwitzerlandN/A
United Kingdom£70,000

Once VAT registered in a new country, there will be EU VAT compliance regulations to follow. These will include ensuring invoices are issued according to the local laws. Regular VAT returns will also have to be submitted to the respective countries.

In addition to VAT returns, retailers may also be required to complete separate Intrastat filings (detailing the movement dispatched goods from their home state to the state of their customer) once the value of the goods goes over a certain threshold.

The Intrastat thresholds by country are as follows:

Country Arrivals simplified Full Dispatches simplified Full
Austria €750,000 €12 million €750,000 €12 million
Belgium €1 million €25 million €1.5 million €25 million
Bulgaria BGN 280,000 BGN 11.7 million BGN 460,000 BGN 5.6 million
Croatia - HRK 1.2 million - HRK 2.2 million
Cyprus €55,000 €5.8million €160,000 €1.85 million
Czech Republic CZK 12 million - CZK 12 million -
Denmark DKK 5 million - DKK 6.7 million -
Estonia €130,000 €6 million €230,000 €5.5 million
Finland €600,000 - €600,000 -
France - €460,000 - €460,000
Germany €500,000 €46 million €800,000 €38 million
Greece €90,000 - €150,000 -
Hungary HUF 100 million HUF 14 billion HUF 170 million HUF 5 billion
Ireland €635,000 - €500,000 -
Italy - - - -
Latvia €100,000 €4 million €200,000 €2.5 million
Lithuania €170,000 €6 million €280,000 €3 million
Malta - €700 - €700
Netherlands €1 million - €800,000 -
Poland PLN 2 million PLN 93 million PLN 4 million PLN 50 million
Portugal €250,000 €6.5 million €350,000 €5 million
Romania RON 900,000 RON 20 million RON 900,000 RON 10 million
Slovak Republic - €400,000 - €200,000
Slovenia €200,000 €9 million €120,000 €4 million
Spain - €400,000 - €400,000
Sweden SEK4.5 million - SEK9 million -
United Kingdom £250,000 £24 million £1.5 million £24 million

Also refer to our blog post on VAT and print on demand.

What are the annual EU distance selling thresholds for VAT?

Each member country of the EU is free to set its own distance selling registration threshold.

The following table outlines these limits for each country:

Austria € 35,000
Belgium € 35,000
Bulgaria BGN 70,000
Croatia HRK 270,000
Cyprus € 35,000
Czech Republic CZK 1,140,000
Denmark DKK 280,000
Estonia € 35,000
Finland € 35,000
France € 35,000
Germany € 100,000
Greece € 35,000
Hungary HUF 8,800,000
Ireland € 35,000
Italy € 35,000
Latvia € 35,000
Lithuania € 35,000
Luxembourg € 100,000
Malta € 35,000
Netherlands € 100,000
Norway N/A
Poland PLN 160,000
Portugal € 35,000
Romania RON 118,000
Slovakia € 35,000
Slovenia € 35,000
Spain € 35,000
Sweden SEK 320,000
Switzerland N/A
United Kingdom £70,000

What is sales tax nexus?

Sales tax nexus applies to companies trading in the US.

Sales tax nexus is the connection between a seller and a US state that requires the seller to register, collect, and remit tax on sales made in that state.

The term is used when a retailer has a physical presence in a particular state but also applies to online retailers when they have:

  • Employees or salespeople in a State.
  • Store inventory or stock in a State.
  • Pass an individual State’s economic threshold for total revenue or number of transactions in that state.

The sales thresholds vary from $10,000 to $500,000 in sales, and some States don’t have a transaction threshold at all. For an excellent guide as to the specifics of sales tax nexus and whether they apply to your business we recommend TaxJar’s Sales Tax by State: Economic Nexus Laws blog post.

It is the responsibility of all Prodigi clients to ensure they pay any applicable sales taxes to the countries they are transacting in.

What are the sales tax implications for dropshipping in the US?

A drop shipment is a sale where a retailer accepts an order from an end-consumer and then places the order with a third party (e.g. a print on demand manufacturer or print api platform) and instructs the third party to produce and then deliver the item to the customer.

When it comes to sales taxes, the drop shipping fulfilment model is made particularly complex due to issues of nexus, product sourcing, customer location, and the location of our dropshipping print labs.

Simplified, our drop shipment sales tax model involves:

  1. Retailer (You) taking the end-customer order and charging appropriate sales taxes;
  2. Retailer (You) placing the order with the drop ship platform (Prodigi);
  3. Drop shipping platform (Prodigi) charges Retailer (You) with the appropriate sales taxes for that specific order (Prodigi determines these automatically based on each order’s specific delivery criteria);
  4. Platform (Prodigi) places the order with the manufacturing lab;
  5. Manufacturing lab (Partner or Prodigi) charges Platform for order and applies the correct local sales taxes for the order;
  6. Manufacturing lab (Partner or Prodigi) contracts with a courier partner to deliver the product to the customer.
  7. Courier company invoices Manufacturing lab (Partner or Prodigi) for shipping service and applies correct local sales taxes to shipment invoice.

If the Retailer (You) have nexus in the State where the sale occurs, the Retailer (You) collects sales tax from the end-customer, even if the retailer engages a third-party drop shipping platform or print lab to manufacture and deliver the product.

Prodigi will only ever responsible for the sales tax nexus of any platform transactions if the Retailer (You) are using our payment gateway services (e.g. via our mobile SDKs) and we are acting as the Merchant of Record (see “How are sales taxes handled when Prodigi acts as the Merchant of Record?”).

How are sales taxes handled when Prodigi acts as the Merchant of Record?

When clients use our merchant payment services (for example if using our Print Shop, Mobile SDK checkout or Photo Book platforms) then Prodigi becomes the Merchant of Record and establishes the financial relationship directly with the end-consumer.

This means the commercial relationship is direct between the consumer and Prodigi and thus all applicable taxes will be handled by Prodigi. When issuing clients with their share of the profits on any transaction (e.g. Product Selling Price minus the Cost of Goods Supplied) then the self-generated VAT invoices we produce will be subject to the addition of UK VAT at 20%.

Once clients approach or pass the UK VAT threshold of £70,000 then they will need to register for a UK VAT number in order to reclaim the VAT on any invoices.

For transactions in the US, Prodigi adheres to the economic nexus laws once the transaction thresholds for each individual State have been exceeded.